PURE WATER: NATURE’S BLOOD THINNER
Factors in Heart Attack Risk
Cardiovascular disease is still the leading cause of natural death in
the United States. Approximately 500,000 people die annually from
coronary heart disease. More than half of them had no previous symptoms
of heart disorder.
It has been known for some time that high blood and plasma (water
portion of the blood) viscosity (thickness), high hematocrit (percentage
of blood that is blood cells, as opposed to plasma), and high levels of
fibrinogen (precursor to the fibrous mesh of blood clots) are well
correlated with coronary heart disease. Remarkably, even high
“normal” levels of these parameters are considered independent risk
risk factors are independent ofthose more commonly discussed. In fact,
some researchers consider these factors as harmful as smoking, high
blood pressure, and high LDL-cholesterol. Viscosity, hematocrit, and
fibrinogen are found to be elevated years before the appearance of major
circulatory events. They are also implicated in the early stages and
development of atherosclerosis, as well as adversely affecting prognosis
of patients diagnosed with atherosclerosis. These factors have also been
linked to intermittent claudication (painful lower legs in the elderly
while walking due to poor circulation). High hematocrit has been
associated with tachycardia (rapid heartbeat), the magnitude of heart
tissue damage from heart attack, reduced oxygen transport, and reduced
blood supply to heart tissue.
Pharmaceutical “Blood Thinners”
Amazingly, these factors related to the effect of blood “thickness”
and flow have not been studied until recently relative to the influence
of sub-clinical dehydration (hypo-hydration) on blood “thickness”
and heart disease. It is unfortunate that the term “blood thinners”
has been applied to pharmaceutical anti-coagulant drugs. They are not
really “thinning” agents. Instead, they inhibit the biochemical
processes, which cause the blood to clot. If paint is too thick, we add
paint-thinner. If soups, sauces, or gravies are too thick, we add water.
In each case, we add more solvent. Blood is a water-based fluid;
therefore, to really thin the blood, we need to add pure water as a
solvent. The power of this simple wisdom has just been confirmed.
Jacqueline Chan, DrPH., public health researcher, and Gary Fraser, MD,
PhD, cardiologist, are colleagues at the Heart Institute of Loma Linda
University. Their team recently analyzed data that have been available
for twenty years to determine what influence the consumption of pure
water and other beverages has on the risk of fatal heart attack. The
database arose from previous research, which followed for six years
(1976 to 1982) the lifestyle choices of more than 8,000 men and 12,000
women aged 25 and older among Seventh Day Adventists and their
houseguests. (People who follow the tenets of this faith are known for
healthier than average food choices and longer lifespan.) It was known
that during the study period, 246 fatal heart attacks occurred to study
participants. Because of the documented influence of blood concentration
on heart disease, the current researchers re-evaluated the massive
twenty-year old database to determine if plain water and other fluid
intake could indicate risk for fatal heart attack.
The results are
Compared to those who drank 2 or fewer glasses of pure water daily, men
who drank 5 or more had only 46% of the risk of having a fatal heart
attack and women had only 59% of the risk. Even more remarkable,
compared to those who drank two or fewer glasses of fluids other than
pure water (coffee, tea, soft drinks, juices, etc.), women who drank
five or more had 147% greater risk and men had 46% greater risk of fatal
hart attack. Moreover, these relative risk relationships held regardless
of adjustments for any other factors.
What does this mean for those concerned with minimizing heart attack
risk? According to the researchers, “…this is the first study
to record the association between high water intake and reduced risk of
coronary heart disease.” As Dr. Chan had stated in the press release
and during conferences on her findings, “…by drinking more plain
water, healthy people—without any history of heart disease, stroke, or
diabetes—reduced their risk of dying from a heart attack by half or
more. This is as much or more than if they had adopted any other
well-known preventive measure, including stopping smoking and lowering
cholesterol levels, increasing exercise or maintaining ideal weight.”
Dr. Chan continues, “…the degree of benefit from drinking plain
water surpasses that of drinking a moderate amount of alcohol intake and
aspirin with none of the adverse side effects [social or physiological].
Because drinking more plain water is a simple lifestyle change that
anybody can do, this simple practice has the potential of saving tens of
thousands of lives each year with minimal cost.”
The Fallacy of Other
It is imperative to distinguish pure water from other beverages. As Dr.
Chan puts it, “Neither total fluid intake, nor intake of other fluids
combined showed this reduced risk. Instead, for women, high intake (5 or
more glasses a day) of other fluids showed a greatly increased risk of
coronary heart disease.” To emphasize a critical point, Dr. Chan adds,
“People need to be made aware that there is a difference, at least for
heart health, whether they get their fluids from plain water or from
What are the implications of this discovery for our society and the
health care system? According to Dr. Fraser, if additionally research
confirms these findings, increasing the intake of pure water would be
“…the cheapest and simplest method of preventing coronary heart
disease that could be imagined.”
How Much Water
Should We Drink?
Optimal water intake is the number of fluid ounces equal to half the
number of pounds your body weighs. For example, a 200-pound person
should drink 100 fluid ounces (twelve 8-ounce cups) of pure water daily.
It is now abundantly clear that Nature’s beverage of choice for
optimal cardiovascular health is pure water.
How can we be sure
our drinking water is pure?
In addition to water purified through reverse osmosis, people can
supplement their pure water intake with PentaTM Water by
BioHydration Research Labs in San Diego, CA.
Ultra-purified PentaTM Water has been scientifically
proven to hydrate the body at the cell level better than ordinary water
because it has been restructured into smaller water clusters that allow
cells to receive water more efficiently through the tiny “aquaporin”
protein water channels in their membranes.
combination of PentaTM and other purified water throughout
the day will go a long way in supporting the optimal health all of us
Chan J, et al, Water, other fluids, and fatal coronary heart disease:
the Adventist Health Study. Am J Epidemiol 2002 May 1;
Simone G, et al, Relation of blood viscosity to demographic and
physiologic variables and to cardiovascular risk factors in apparently
normal adults. Circulation 1990
G, st al, Haematocrit: a predictor of cardiovascular mortality? J Intern
Med 1993 Nov;234(5):493-9.
W and Ernst E, The possible role of hemorheology in atherothrombogenesis.
AJ, et al, Blood viscosity and elevated carotid intima-media thickness
in men and women: the Edinburgh Artery Study. Circulation 1998 Apr 21;97(15):1467-73.
GD, et al, Blood viscosity and risk of cardiovascular events: the
Edinburgh Artery Study. Br J Haematol
GD, et al, Relation between extent of coronary artery disease and blood
viscosity. Br Med J 1980
KL, et al, Can rheologic variables be of prognostic relevance in
arteriosclerotic diseases? Angiology
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